Fauna in Madeira Island
Flora of Madeira Island The Archipelago of Madeira has many attractions, namely its rare and beautiful Nature, the Laurel Forest, also known as Laurissilva Forest, the famous levadas, walking paths and mountain ridges. These are some of the aspects which attracts thousands of tourists each year, to Madeira and Porto Santo Islands. The Archipelago comprises Madeira Island, Porto Santo Island, Desertas and Selvagens (Savage) Islands. These two last ones are uninhabitated and are classified as Nature Reserves. Madeira Island is located 520 km from the African coast, and only 1,000km from the European Continent. Madeira has a total area of 740,7 km2, and thus, has the highest number of population (around 240.537). The Laurissilva Forest is an endemic type of humid subtropical laurel forest, which can be seen in Madeira Island. This forest was classified as World Heritage Site, by UNESCO, in 1999, due to its unique biodiversity. Fauna of Madeira Island The Laurissilva Forest is one of the ancient forests in the world. It is made up of laurel-leaved evergreen trees, and most of the species are endemic to the island. There are many species which constitutes the fauna of Madeira Island. These are Fishes, Crustaceans, Mammals, Birds, Molluscs and Insects. The most outstanding endemic bird species of the Archipelago of Madeira are the Trocaz Pigeon (Columba trocaz), stongly associated to the Laurissilva Forest; the Zino’s Petrel (Pterodroma madeira); the Firecrest (Regulus madeirensis), the smallest bird in the archipelago. As for insects, they represent about 75% of all the known animal species of the Arquipelago of Madeira. However, it is also estimated that 20% of these insects are endemic of Madeira Island. Besides, Madeira Island also has a huge and great diversity of territorial mollusks. There are 291 species spread out over 31 families and 84 kinds. The most important marine crustaceans and marine mammals are the Parrotfish (Sparisoma cretense), the Dusky Grouper (Epinephelus marginatus), the White Sea Bream (Diplodus sargus sargus), the Blacktail Comber (Serranus atricauda), the Yellowtail Amberjack (Seriola ialandi), the Blue Jack Mackerel (Trachurus picturatus), the Atlantic Blue Marlin (Makaira nigricans) and Limpets (Patella ulyssiponensis). This one is a typical specialty in Madeira Island. If you are a nature lover, don’t miss the opportunity of walking along the Levadas, in the Laurissilva Forest. You will be amazed with its stunning scenery and luxurious mountains. You will also have the chance of seeing the various endemic species of the Archipelago of Madeira. Come to Madeira and Porto Santo Islands and stay in Madeira Rural accommodations. There are country houses, cottages, bed and breakfast, self-catering, rural holiday homes and villas, all at your disposal.
Accommodations nearby :
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