Laurissilva Forest

Laurissilva Forest

The Laurissilva Forest occupies more than 20% of the island. It is limited to the archipelagos of the North Atlantic, specifically Madeira, the Azores, the Canaries and Cape Verde, regions that, despite their differing conditions of climate, orography, and water resources, among others, they still maintain today some of the conditions essential to the propagation, development and growth of the species that make up the Laurisilva.

In Madeira it is common to find this forest predominantly on the north coast of the island, distributed at elevations ranging approximately between 300 and 1300 metres. 
 
It is, however, distributed over a much broader area, occupying an area on the order of 14.953 hectares, which is why the forest of Madeira is considered to be the largest and best preserved example of Laurisilva in the world. 
 
Thus, in 1999, the Laurisilva of Madeira was classified as a World Nature Heritage site by UNESCO.


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